Our old friend, Volatility, is back. Just as many people were starting to think markets only move in one direction, the pendulum has swung the other way. Anxiety is a completely natural response to these events. Acting on those emotions, though, can end up causing more harm than good.
After 2017, many investors were lulled into a sense of complacency during a year which had very little volatility at all. What we are experiencing in 2018 is a return to more normal volatility, certainly closer to the ’norm’ than 2017. In fact, if you look at the last several decades of market declines by calendar year, the average intra-year decline is -14%, as measured by the S&P 500.
There are a number of tidy-sounding theories about why markets have become more volatile. Among the issues frequently splashed across newspaper front pages: global growth fears, policy uncertainty and geopolitical risk.
As to what happens next, no one knows for sure. That is the nature of risk. In the meantime, investors can help manage their risk by diversifying broadly across and within asset classes.
For those who are still anxious, here are seven simple truths to help you live with volatility.
1. Don’t make presumptions.
Remember that markets are unpredictable and do not always react the way the experts predict they will. When central banks relaxed monetary policy during the crisis of 2008-09, many analysts warned of an inflation breakout. If anything, the opposite has happened as central banks fret about the effects of deflation.
2. Someone is buying.
Quitting the equity market when prices are falling is like running away from a sale. While prices have been discounted to reflect higher risk, that’s another way of saying expected returns are higher. And while the media headlines proclaim that “investors are dumping stocks,” remember someone is buying them. Those people are often long-term investors.
3. Market timing is hard.
Recoveries can come just as quickly and violently as the prior correction. For instance, in March 2009—when market sentiment was at its worst—the Standard & Poor’s Index 500 rebounded, producing seven consecutive months of gains totaling almost 80 percent. We’re not trying to predict that a similar recovery is in the cards, but the story serves as a reminder that long-term investors can inadvertently turn paper losses into real ones by paying for the risk without waiting around for the recovery.
4. Never forget the power of diversification.
While equity markets have turned rocky, highly rated government bonds have flourished. This helps limit the damage to balanced fund investors. This example illustrates how diversification spreads risk and can lessen the bumps in the road
5. Markets and economies are different things.
The world economy is forever changing, and new forces are replacing old ones. This applies both between and within economies. For instance, falling oil prices can be bad for the energy sector but good for consumers. New economic forces are emerging as global measures of poverty, education, and health improve.
6. Nothing lasts forever.
Just as smart investors temper their enthusiasm during market booms, they keep a reserve of optimism during market busts. And just as loading up on risk when prices are high can leave you exposed to a correction, dumping risk altogether when prices are low means you can miss the turn when it comes. As always in life, moderation is a good policy.
7. Discipline is rewarded.
The market volatility is worrisome, no doubt. These feelings are completely understandable and familiar to those who have known volatility in the past. But through discipline, diversification and by understanding how markets work, the ride can become bearable. At some point, value re-emerges, risk appetites reawaken, and for those who acknowledged their emotions without acting on them, relief replaces anxiety.